How Can Surge Protection Avoid Damages Today’s sensitive technology can be very susceptible to power surges that would create big problems. Some instances like lightning and car crashing into a power pole could cause power surges. Lightning is considered the worst to deliver a surge leading to practically blowing up your equipment. There will be two events that will cause surges when a lightning deliver surges with a range of Amps to over 300,000. A direct effect is experienced when a lightning hits directly on a structure and its resulting energy would go its way to the earth through the structure. During an indirect lightning strike, the effects are said to be more damaging since there is no direct visibility of its effect on the structure.
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Among the many power surges, most of it are man-made, accounting for about 60% of all surges and transients of industrial switching. Considered as the most spectacular is the lightning power surges which contribute to about 20% of power surges.
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Enumerated power surges that are caused by man are substation faults, internal plant failure that would cause surges to areas of the plant, inductive loads in starting motors, generators and compressors. Also, if you are located at the end of the grid thereby exposing you to a large voltage variance, whether over or under voltage conditions and general interference. There are also the natural events that will cause power surges, and these include any weather related events like earthquakes, tremors and so on. Other events can also be categorized with no real known cause of power surges. Know that all surges and transients can link to your equipment through power lines, data/signal lines, telecommunication lines, and poor earthing. We usually get advice in the past that we can protect our expensive equipment by disconnecting it from the power point whenever we hear thunder. You can protect your equipment by 20% of the power surges if you happen to be at home and can detach your equipment from the power point. Be relieved to know that nowadays we have very effective solutions, such as surge diverters and surge filters, to give surge protection for all equipment without having to disconnect them from the power point. Surge diverters, also known as shunt or parallel connected protector, is the basic form of protection that is designed to divert to the ground the large portion of energy from the incoming surge. The surge filters or also termed as series connected protector, is the method in which the incoming cable is cut and wired through the filter and thus having the filter reflect the load rating of the equipment. It is advisable to use surge filters on sensitive electronics to protect them.